What is endocrinology?

What is endocrinology? Endocrinology is the study of hormones (and glands which secrete them).

What is the role of an endocrinologist? An endocrinologist is a specialist consultant who treats any endocrine conditions (deficiency or excess of hormones). Sometimes, these hormone conditions may be slow to evolve and express themselves. They are called sub-clinical conditions (borderline/mild) and still produce subtle symptoms like tiredness and weight fluctuations.An endocrinologist would diagnose, treat and optimise all such conditions.

What are the endocrine organs ? They are hormone secreting glands (and the related condition) for eg:

PANCREAS – ‘Insulin secreting gland’ – controls the blood sugars (Diabetes Mellitus).

PITUITARY GLAND – ‘maestro of the endocrine orchestra’  – a tiny gland which lies under the brain and controls all the other glands of the body. It also secretes prolactin, growth hormone and thirst hormones. (Diabetes Insipidus, Acromegaly, Prolactinoma, Cushings, Pituitary tumours etc)

THYROID – ‘pace setter of the metabolism’ -secretes thyroxine (Hyper & Hypothyroidism) and PARATHYROID  maintains the calcium balance (hyper & hypoparathyroidism)  needed for bones etc

ADRENAL – gland of ‘fight or flight’ – secretes cortisol (Cushings & Addisons) , adrenalin (Phaeochromocytoma) and aldosterone (Conn’s syndrome) etc.

TESTES and OVARY are the reproductive glands (low testosterone and sexual dysfunction, Polycystic ovaries and hair growth)

FAT (tissue) and the INTESTINE (Gut) are now recognised as endocrine organs (which secrete many hormones which govern hunger, weight, blood pressure, glucose etc).